Graph2d

Graph2d is an interactive visualization chart to draw data in a 2D graph. You can freely move and zoom in the graph by dragging and scrolling in the window.

Graph2d uses HTML DOM and SVG for rendering. This allows for flexible customization using css styling.

Contents

Show the getting started!

Data Format

Graph2d can load data from an Array, a DataSet (offering 2 way data binding), or a DataView (offering one way data binding). Objects are added to this DataSet by using the add() function.

Graph2d can be provided with two types of data:

Items

var items = [
    {x: '2014-06-13', y: 30, group: 0},
    {x: '2014-06-14', y: 10, group: 0},
    {x: '2014-06-15', y: 15, group: 1},
    {x: '2014-06-16', y: 30, group: 1},
    {x: '2014-06-17', y: 10, group: 1},
    {x: '2014-06-18', y: 15, group: 1}
];
Name Type Required Description
x Date yes Location on the x-axis.
y Number yes Location on the y-axis.
group Number or string no The ID of the group this point belongs to.
label Object no A label object which will be displayed near to the item. A label object has one requirement - a content property. In addition you can set the xOffset, yOffset and className for further appearance customisations.
end Date no A location on the x-axis that when supplied will have the bar stretch to the end point and ignore the barChart.width property.

Groups

Like the items, groups are regular JavaScript Arrays and Objects. Using groups, items can be grouped together. Items are filtered per group, and displayed as individual graphs. Groups can contain the properties id, content, className (optional) and options (optional).

Groups can be applied to a timeline using the method setGroups. A table with groups can be created like:

var groups = new vis.DataSet();
groups.add({
    id: 1,
    content: 'Group 1',
    // Optional: a field 'visible'
    // Optional: a field 'className'
    // Optional: options
  })
groups.add({
  // more groups...
});

Groups can have the following properties:

Name Type Required Description
id String or Number yes An id for the group. The group will display all items having a property group which matches the id of the group.
content String yes The contents of the group. This can be plain text or html code.
className String no This field is optional. A className can be used to give groups an individual css style.
style String no This field is optional. A style can be used to give groups an individual css style, and any style tags specified in style will override the definition in the className style defined in css.
options Object no This field is optional. The options can be used to give a group a specific draw style. Any options that are colored green in the Configuration Options can be used as options here.
visible Boolean no This field is optional. If false, this group will not be drawn. By default it is true.

Configuration Options

Graph2d Options

Options can be used to customize the Graph2d to your purposes. These options can be passed to the Graph2d object either in the constructor, or by the setOptions function.
var options = {
    width:  '100%',
    height: '400px',
    style: 'surface'
};
The options colored in green can also be used as options for the groups. All options are optional.
Name Type Default Description
defaultGroup String 'default' This is the label for the default, ungrouped items when shown in a legend.
barChart Object Define the properties of the barchart style.
dataAxis Object Define the properties of the left and right dataAxis.
drawPoints Boolean, Object or Function true Defines rendering options for the datapoints. Three different types of objects can be assigned to this property. See Example 19 for an illustration.
1. Boolean: When true is provided every datapoint will be drawn, false otherwise.
drawPoints: true // or false
            
2. Object (the 'rendering' options): If an object is provided it may contain following properties which all can be optional: onRender, classNamesize and/or style. For more information check the property's documentation.
drawPoints: {
  size: 3,
  style: 'square'
}
            
3. Function: If a function is provided it will be used as a callback. The function may return values from listing 1 or 2.
drawPoints: function(item, group) {
  ...
}
            
If a rendering property from the rendering option object is missing, the missing property will be fetched from the group's option.
All of these three options can be defined within the drawPoints properties separately as well.
graphHeight Number or String '400px' This is the height of the graph SVG canvas. If it is larger than the height of the outer frame, you can drag up and down the vertical direction as well as the usual horizontal direction.
groups.visibility Object You can use this to toggle the visibility of groups per graph2D instance. This is different from setting the visibility flag of the groups since this is not communicated across instances of graph2d. Take a look at Example 14 for more explanation.
interpolation Boolean or Object true Toggle the interpolation with the default settings. For more customization use the JSON format.
legend Boolean or Object false Toggle the legend with the default settings.
moment function vis.moment A constructor for creating a moment.js Date. Allows for applying a custom time zone. See section Time zone for more information.
sampling Boolean true If sampling is enabled, Graph2d will automatically determine the amount of points per pixel. If there are more than 1 point per pixel, not all points will be drawn. Disabling sampling will cause a decrease in performance.
sort Boolean true This determines if the items are sorted automatically. They are sorted by the x value. If sort is enabled, more optimizations are possible, increasing the performance.
stack Boolean true If stack is enabled, the graphs will be stacked upon each-other when applicable. A group can opt-out of stacking through the "excludeFromStacking" option.
shaded Boolean or Object false Toggle a shaded area with the default settings.
yAxisOrientation String 'left' This defines with which axis, left or right, the graph is coupled. Example 5 shows groups with different Y axis. If no groups are coupled with an axis, it will not be shown.
excludeFromLegend Boolean false Group option only. Excludes the group from being listed in the legend.
excludeFromStacking Boolean false Group option only. Excludes the group from being included in the stacking.

Timeline Options

Graph2d is built upon the framework of the timeline. These options from the timeline can be used with graph2D. All options are optional.

Name Type Default Description
autoResize Boolean true If true, the Timeline will automatically detect when its container is resized, and redraw itself accordingly. If false, the Timeline can be forced to repaint after its container has been resized using the function redraw().
configure boolean or function false When true, a configurator is loaded where all configuration options of the Graph2d can be changed live. The displayed options can be filtered by providing a filter function. This function is invoked with two arguments: the current option and the path (an Array) of the option within the options object. The option will be displayed when the filter function returns true. For example to only display format options:
function (option, path) {
  return option === 'format' || path.indexOf('format') !== -1;
}
clickToUse Boolean false When a Graph2d is configured to be clickToUse, it will react to mouse and touch events only when active. When active, a blue shadow border is displayed around the Graph2d. The Graph2d is set active by clicking on it, and is changed to inactive again by clicking outside the Graph2d or by pressing the ESC key.
end Date or Number or String none The initial end date for the axis of the timeline. If not provided, the latest date present in the items set is taken as end date.
format Object none Apply custom date formatting of the labels on the time axis. The default value of format is:
{
  minorLabels: {
    millisecond:'SSS',
    second:     's',
    minute:     'HH:mm',
    hour:       'HH:mm',
    weekday:    'ddd D',
    day:        'D',
    month:      'MMM',
    year:       'YYYY'
  },
  majorLabels: {
    millisecond:'HH:mm:ss',
    second:     'D MMMM HH:mm',
    minute:     'ddd D MMMM',
    hour:       'ddd D MMMM',
    weekday:    'MMMM YYYY',
    day:        'MMMM YYYY',
    month:      'YYYY',
    year:       ''
  }
}
For values which not provided in the customized options.format, the default values will be used. All available formatting syntax is described in the docs of moment.js.
height Number or String none The height of the timeline in pixels or as a percentage. When height is undefined or null, the height of the timeline is automatically adjusted to fit the contents. It is possible to set a maximum height using option maxHeight to prevent the timeline from getting too high in case of automatically calculated height.
hiddenDates Object none This option allows you to hide specific timespans from the time axis. The dates can be supplied as an object: {start: '2014-03-21 00:00:00', end: '2014-03-28 00:00:00', [repeat:'daily']} or as an Array of these objects. The repeat argument is optional. The possible values are (case-sensitive): daily, weekly, monthly, yearly. To hide a weekend, pick any Saturday as start and the following Monday as end and set repeat to weekly.
locale String none Select a locale for the Graph2d. See section Localization for more information.
locales Object none A map with i18n locales. See section Localization for more information.
max Date or Number or String none Set a maximum Date for the visible range. It will not be possible to move beyond this maximum.
maxHeight Number or String none Specifies the maximum height for the Timeline. Can be a number in pixels or a string like "300px".
maxMinorChars number 7 Specifies the maximum number of characters that should fit in minor grid labels. If larger, less and wider grids will be drawn.
min Date or Number or String none Set a minimum Date for the visible range. It will not be possible to move beyond this minimum.
minHeight Number or String none Specifies the minimum height for the Timeline. Can be a number in pixels or a string like "300px".
moveable boolean true Specifies whether the Timeline can be moved and zoomed by dragging the window. See also option zoomable.
orientation String 'bottom' Orientation of the timeline: 'top', 'bottom' (default), or 'both'. If orientation is 'bottom', the time axis is drawn at the bottom. When 'top', the axis is drawn on top. When 'both', two axes are drawn, both on top and at the bottom.
showCurrentTime Boolean true Show a vertical bar at the current time.
showCustomTime Boolean false Show a vertical bar displaying a custom time. This line can be dragged by the user. The custom time can be utilized to show a state in the past or in the future. When the custom time bar is dragged by the user, the event timechange is fired repeatedly. After the bar is dragged, the event timechanged is fired once.
showMajorLabels Boolean true By default, the timeline shows both minor and major date labels on the time axis. For example the minor labels show minutes and the major labels show hours. When showMajorLabels is false, no major labels are shown.
showMinorLabels Boolean true By default, the timeline shows both minor and major date labels on the time axis. For example the minor labels show minutes and the major labels show hours. When showMinorLabels is false, no minor labels are shown. When both showMajorLabels and showMinorLabels are false, no horizontal axis will be visible.
start Date or Number or String none The initial start date for the axis of the timeline. If not provided, the earliest date present in the events is taken as start date.
timeAxis Object Object Specify a fixed scale and step size for the time axis.
width String '100%' The width of the timeline in pixels or as a percentage.
zoomable boolean true Specifies whether the Timeline can be zoomed by pinching or scrolling in the window. Only applicable when option moveable is set true.
zoomKey String '' Specifies whether the Timeline is only zoomed when an additional key is down. Available values are '' (does not apply), 'altKey', 'ctrlKey', or 'metaKey'. Only applicable when option moveable is set true.
zoomMax Number 315360000000000 Set a maximum zoom interval for the visible range in milliseconds. It will not be possible to zoom out further than this maximum. Default value equals about 10000 years.
zoomMin Number 10 Set a minimum zoom interval for the visible range in milliseconds. It will not be possible to zoom in further than this minimum.

Methods

The Graph2d supports the following methods.

Method Return Type Description
destroy() none Destroy the Graph2d. The Graph2d is removed from memory. all DOM elements and event listeners are cleaned up.
fit() none Adjust the visible window such that it fits all items.
getCurrentTime() Date Get the current time. Only applicable when option showCurrentTime is true.
getCustomTime() Date Retrieve the custom time. Only applicable when the option showCustomTime is true.
getDataRange() Object Get the range of all the items as an object containing min: Date and max: Date.
getEventProperties(event) Object Returns an Object with relevant properties from an event:
  • customTime (Number or null): the id of the clicked custom-time.
  • pageX (Number): absolute horizontal position of the click event.
  • pageY (Number): absolute vertical position of the click event.
  • x (Number): relative horizontal position of the click event.
  • y (Number): relative vertical position of the click event.
  • time (Date): Date of the clicked event.
  • value (Number[]): The data value of the click event. The array contains one value when there is one data axis visible, and two values when there are two visible data axes. It is empty when no data is provided.
  • what (String or null): name of the clicked thing: background, axis, dat-axis, custom-time, or current-time, legend.
  • event (Object): the original click event.
getLegend(groupId, iconWidth, iconHeight) SVGelement, String, String Returns an object containing an SVG element with the icon of the group (size determined by iconWidth and iconHeight), the label of the group (content) and the yAxisOrientation of the group (left or right).
getWindow() Object Get the current visible window. Returns an object with properties start: Date and end: Date.
isGroupVisible(groupId) Boolean This checks if the visible option of the supplied group (by ID) is true or false.
moveTo(time [, options]) none Move the window such that given time is centered on screen. Parameter time can be a Date, Number, or String. Available options:
  • animation: boolean | {duration: number, easingFunction: string}
    If true (default), the range is animated smoothly to the new window. An object can be provided to specify duration and easing function. Default duration is 500 ms, and default easing function is 'easeInOutQuad'.
on(event, callback) none Create an event listener. The callback function is invoked every time the event is triggered. Available events: rangechange, rangechanged, select. The callback function is invoked as callback(properties), where properties is an object containing event specific properties. See section Events for more information.
off(event, callback) none Remove an event listener created before via function on(event, callback). See section Events for more information.
redraw() none Force a redraw of the Graph2d. Can be useful to manually redraw when option autoResize=false.
setCurrentTime(time) none Set a current time. This can be used for example to ensure that a client's time is synchronized with a shared server time. time can be a Date object, numeric timestamp, or ISO date string. Only applicable when option showCurrentTime is true.
setCustomTime(time) none Adjust the custom time bar. Only applicable when the option showCustomTime is true. time can be a Date object, numeric timestamp, or ISO date string.
setGroups(groups) none Set a data set with groups for the Graph2d. groups can be an Array with Objects, a DataSet, or a DataView. For each of the groups, the items of the Graph2d are filtered on the property group, which must correspond with the id of the group.
setItems(items) none Set a data set with items for the Graph2d. items can be an Array with Objects, a DataSet, or a DataView.
setOptions(options) none Set or update options. It is possible to change any option of the Graph2d at any time. You can for example switch orientation on the fly.
setWindow(start, end) none Set the current visible window. The parameters start and end can be a Date, Number, or String. If the parameter value of start or end is null, the parameter will be left unchanged.

Events

Graph2d fires events when changing the visible window by dragging, when selecting items, and when dragging the custom time bar.

Here an example on how to listen for a rangeChanged event. A listener can be removed via the function off:

function onChange (properties) {
  alert('changed!');
}

// add event listener
Graph2d.on('rangechanged', onChange);

// do stuff...

// remove event listener
Graph2d.off('rangechanged', onChange);

The following events are available.

Name Properties Description
currentTimeTick Fired when the current time bar redraws. The rate depends on the zoom level.
click Passes a properties object as returned by the method Graph2d.getEventProperties(event). Fired when clicked inside the Graph2d.
contextmenu Passes a properties object as returned by the method Graph2d.getEventProperties(event). Fired when right-clicked inside the Graph2d. Note that in order to prevent the context menu from showing up, default behavior of the event must be stopped:
graph2d.on('contextmenu', function (props) {
  alert('Right click!');
  props.event.preventDefault();
});
doubleClick Passes a properties object as returned by the method Graph2d.getEventProperties(event). Fired when double clicked inside the Graph2d.
changed Has no properties. Fired once after each graph redraw.
rangechange
  • start (Number): timestamp of the current start of the window.
  • end (Number): timestamp of the current end of the window.
Fired repeatedly when the user is dragging the Graph2d window.
rangechanged
  • start (Number): timestamp of the current start of the window.
  • end (Number): timestamp of the current end of the window.
Fired once after the user has dragged the Graph2d window.
timechange
  • time (Date): the current time.
Fired repeatedly when the user is dragging the custom time bar. Only available when the custom time bar is enabled.
timechanged
  • time (Date): the current time.
Fired once after the user has dragged the custom time bar. Only available when the custom time bar is enabled.

Localization

Graph2d can be localized. For localization, Graph2d depends largely on the localization of moment.js. Locales are not included in vis.js by default. To enable localization, moment.js must be loaded with locales. Moment.js offers a bundle named "moment-with-locales.min.js" for this and there are various alternative ways to load locales.

To set a locale for the Graph2d, specify the option locale:

var options = {
  locale: 'nl'
};

Create a new locale

To load a locale into the Graph2d not supported by default, one can add a new locale to the option locales:
var options = {
  locales: {
    // create a new locale
    mylocale: {
      current: 'current',
      time: 'time',
    }
  },

  // use the new locale
  locale: 'mylocale'
};

Available locales

Graph2d comes with support for the following locales:
LanguageCode
English en
en_EN
en_US
Dutch nl
nl_NL
nl_BE

Time zone

By default, the Timeline displays time in local time. To display a Timeline in an other time zone or in UTC, the date constructor can be overloaded via the configuration option moment, which by default is the constructor function of moment.js. More information about UTC with moment.js can be found in the docs: http://momentjs.com/docs/#/parsing/utc/.

Examples:

// display in UTC
var options = {
  moment: function(date) {
    return vis.moment(date).utc();
  }
};

// display in UTC +08:00
var options = {
  moment: function(date) {
    return vis.moment(date).utcOffset('+08:00');
  }
};

Styles

All parts of the Graph2d have a class name and a default css style just like the Graph2d. The styles can be overwritten, which enables full customization of the layout of the Graph2d.

Additionally, Graph2d has 10 preset styles for graphs, which are cycled through when loading groups. These styles can be overwritten as well, along with defining your own classes to style the graphs! Example 4 and example 5 show the usage of custom styles.